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DAYTON, OHIO.

This flourishing city, which was first settled in 1796, and incorporated in 1805, is pleasantly situated on the left or east bank of the Great Miami, at the mouth of the Mad River. Its prosperity may be said to have had its start from about the year 1829, when the Miami Canal was opened from Cincinnati to this point, with expectations of success which at once began to be realized; for though at that time the place had short of three thousand inhabitants, in less than twenty-five years it had become the fourth city in Ohio, in respect to population and wealth, and surpassed all other Western towns of equal size in the variety and extent of its manufactures. The city is laid out with streets one hundred feet wide, mainly, and crossing each other at right angles. Quarries of excellent limestone have long been worked in the vicinity, furnishing, superior material for building, much of it finding its way to Cincinnati and other places, for this purpose. The population of Dayton is at present put at some 62,000,—a constant increase,—its abundant and easily available water-power constituting a strong attraction to manufacturers, extensive plants devoted to iron wares, machinery, agricultural implements, stoves, and various other products, being numerous. Many fine public and private buildings adorn the city, conspicuous among the former being that of the Young Men's Christian Association, the Public Library, Court House, etc.; and a genuine spirit of American energy pervades all classes,—a wholesome local pride also existing, which touches and inspires every interest identified with the city's welfare.


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